A20 hovercraft is intended for year-round operation on rivers, lakes and in coastal waters. It can travel over shallow waters, ice ridges and deep snow.
|Payload, t||up to 3,5|
|Length hovering, m||12,9|
|Beam hovering, m||4,4|
|Height hovering (without mast) m||4,45|
|Engine, type||diesel engine|
|Engine power, h.p.||370|
|Speed on water, km/h||50|
|Speed on snow, km/h||60|
|Climbing angle, degrees||6|
|Max climbing angle at full speed (up to 20 m lomg), degrees||18|
|Max obstacle height, m||0,6|
|Fuel consumption, l/h||59|
|Fuel stock, l||400|
|Propelling system||6-blade propeller in a ring|
|Air cushion||inflatable balloons, front and rear skirts|
|Min operation temperature, degrees C||-35|
|Max wind speed, m/s||15|
|Min crew, prs.||1|
|Passenger capacity, prs.||11-26|
|Max wave height in air cushion mode (1% occurrence), m||0,75|
|Max wave height in displacement mode (1% occurrence), m||1,2|
General arrangement. The ship consists of a metal hull, superstructure, vessel propulsion and steering system, air cushion (inflatable and flexible parts).
The wheelhouse in the front part of the superstructure is designed to accommodate the driver, two passengers and the control panel of the vessel. The entrance to the wheel house is located on the front wall.
The wheelhouse is equipped with vessel control panel, electric boards, the driver’s seat and a seat for the second crew member.
The passenger compartment in the middle part of the superstructure is designed to hold 11 – 26 passengers and luggage.
All seats are supplied with seat belts.
The engine room is located in the stern part of the vessel designed to hold the engine, engine systems, the lifting system and the transmission unit. The room is protected by a hood with covers.
The propulsion and steering unit is located in the stern part of the vessel.
The landing area for passengers is the deck near the front overhang. The deck is covered with anti-slip coating. The gangway ladder is set in the diametrical plane in the same area.
All windows are double-glazed.
The hull is divided by watertight bulkheads into 4 compartments
Materials of hull and superstructure are corrosion-resistant aluminum-magnesium alloys.
The elements of the hull and superstructure are connected by riveting.
Air cushion. The air cushion includes longitudinal side and central inflatable balloons and transverse skirts: a mist collecting skirt, a bow skirt, a middle skirt, and a rear skirt.
Longitudinal side balloons, enclosing the air cushion from the sides, and the central balloon, partitioning the air cushion in the longitudinal direction, are performed in two levels, held together by elastic hinges.
The upper level of the balloons consists of air proof inner tubes and protective monolithic covers. The cover is attached to the metal hull by means of “boltslot-boltrope” junction.
To meet the requirements of unsinkability the upper side balloons are divided into five sections; the central upper balloon has one section. The inflating valves of the upper balloons are installed on the external side of the balloon.
The lower level of the balloons consists of air-proof balloons, attached with fabric hinges to the upper level, of protective elements (polyurethane sheets) and planning steps attached to the lower side of the balloons. The inflating pipes of the lower level balloons are connected to pump system fittings.
Transverse air cushion skirts consist of:
– front flexible skirt enclosing the air cushion in the bow;
– flexible middle skirt, partitioning the air cushion in transverse direction;
– rear skirt of parachute type.
Power plant. One diesel engine YAMZ-536, 370 HP is installed as the main engine of the vessel. The power from the engine is transmitted respectively to the propulsion propeller and air cushion superchargers.
The engine cooling system can be equipped with Teplostar 20 TC engine heater.
Transmission system including cardan shafts and drive belts provides energy transfer from the engine to the main propeller and air cushion superchargers.
The main propeller. To increase the efficiency of the propeller and improve the safety of the propulsion a controllable pitch propeller is installed in a ring. The blades are made of fiberglass. The surface layer of the blades is reinforced with material preventing abrasive wear. The propeller is driven via a toothed belt.
Air superchargers. The superchargers are designed to blow air in the air cushion of the vessel. Four superchargers are installed in the engine compartment on the starboard and port side. The impellers of the superchargers are driven from the main engine via a system of shafts and belts. The material of the body and impellers – aluminum-magnesium alloy.
Control system includes 3 air rudders mounted behind the propeller ring in the air stream from the propeller and the drive controls of the air rudders.
All rudders are connected via mechanical linkage. Relining of all rudders is carried out synchronously at the same angle.
The rudders are made of aluminium alloy and mounted in bearing supports on the brackets that are mounted on the propeller ring.
The drive controls of the air rudders are designed to control the angle of shifting of the air rudders from the wheelhouse of the vessel. The actuator consists of a steering wheel mounted at the control panel in the wheelhouse and the hydraulic system. The hydraulic system consists of hydraulic pump (the steering wheel is connected to its shaft), the working cylinder, the rod of which is connected to the air rudders, metal pipes connecting the main and the executive units and expansion tank which is designed to accommodate expansion of the liquid when the temperature changes or during recharging system in operation.
Room heating system. Heating of the passenger compartment and the wheelhouse is provided via radiators, heated by liquid from the cooling system of the engine. The radiators are equipped with electric fans.
When the engine is idle the cooling liquid is heated by the engine coolant heater.
The passenger compartment can also be heated by a separate heater.
Ventilation and conditioning system. Ventilation of the passenger cabin, the wheelhouse is performed by input-exhaust ventilation.
Ventilation hatches are installed on the roof of superstructure. Ventilation heads on the roof and sides of superstructure are equipped with mosquito nets.
Electric equipment. The main current on the vessel is 24V direct current with 2-wire isolated system.
The main electric power source of the vessel is a 28 V generator (max 200 A), installed on the main engine and batteries working in float mode with the generator.
A set of 4 batteries is used for the following purposes:
- main power source batteries (2 units);
- starter and emergency batteries (2 units).
The batteries are charged from:
- the engine generator when the engine is running;
- the onboard charging device powered from the 220 V shore power supply (during stay).
Lighting and signal lights. The vessel has the following types of lighting: basic; emergency; portable.
The vessel is equipped with 2 head lights and 2 search lights operated from the wheel room.
The composition and design of navigation lights installed on the vessel comply with current rules and regulations for high-speed vessels on air cushion.
Radio and navigation equipment. The vessel can be equipped with a set of radio and navigation equipment for the corresponding class of vessels, providing its navigation at any time of the day.